“In the visual arts, color theory or color theory is a body of practical guidance to color mixing and the visual effects of a specific color combination.”
There are also definitions (or categories) of colors based on the color wheel: primary color, secondary color and tertiary color. Although color theory principles first appeared in the writings of Leone Battista Alberti (c.1435) and the notebooks of Leonardo da Vinci (c.1490), a tradition of “color theory” began in the 18th century, initially within a partisan controversy around Isaac Newton’s theory of color (Opticks, 1704) and the nature of primary colors. From there it developed as an independent artistic tradition with only superficial reference to colorimetry and vision science.” -Color theory. (2016, July 7). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 13:47, July 13, 2016 (Full Wikipedia Article Here)
Why is Color Theory Important to Your Business?
Businesses know advertising is important and strategies are put in place to determine budget and tactics. However, many businesses may not consider a very important aspect when it comes to their business advertising…Color Theory. The psychology factor in business has been used for generations, which we have seen through things like subliminal messages. Utilizing the different forms of psychology in business advertising is yet another way to reach your customers and increase ROI. With color theory in advertising, the choice of color, hue, tone and so on can have direct effects on the viewer’s decision to click, like, purchase and so on. This comes into play with quality logos and even the re-designing of a logo.
The Human Brain & Colors
Color affects all species that go as deep as protection of self, but for humans, these effects are much stronger. For example, the color red can indicate danger, war, power, energy, passion, love and more. Why? Think of the color of blood or fire.
These examples reflect a direct correlation to why the human brain subconsciously feels the items from the list above. Color can even affect a person’s diet. It might seem obvious that the color green would signify food, but what about hunger? Studies have shown that the color blue decreases hunger, while a deeper red color can increase hunger. Makes you think twice before deciding on what color to paint your kitchen. Other colors like yellow have been researched and found to cause nausea and anxiety. For this reason, businesses in aviation – e.g. airports – avoid using the color yellow. See for yourself the next time you take a trip!
Different color schemes create emotional connections in humans, which reiterates the importance of choosing the right color for business advertising. From logos to ads and so much more, choosing the best color choice for your brand will undoubtedly increase results.
Color Tips for Advertising
Analyze color contrast
Create logos in vector
Choose and test your color palette wisely
Examples of Color Theory in Brand Recognition
Red = Hunger
Blue = Social/Friendly/Trustworthy
ie) Facebook, Twitter
Black = Powerful
ie) Chrysler or other major auto brands
Emotional Response Triggers in Color Theory
Positive Emotions: Strength, courage, energy, warmth, survival in danger, masculinity, excitement and stimulation.
Negative Emotions: Strain, aggression, defiance and visual impact.
Positive Emotions: Trust, communication, coolness, intelligence, serenity, efficiency, calm, duty, reflection, and logic.
Negative Emotions: Unfriendliness, coldness, aloofness, and lack of emotion.
Positive Emotions: Self- Esteem, friendliness, optimism, creativity, confidence, emotional strength and extroversion.
Negative Emotions: Depression, fear, irrationality, emotional fragility, nausea, and anxiety.
Positive Emotions: Peace, success, rest, reassurance, refreshment, harmony, universal love, balance restoration, equilibrium and environmental awareness.
Negative Emotions: Blandness, stagnation, enervation (drained of energy) and boredom.
Positive Emotions: Luxury, quality, vision, truth, spiritual awareness, authenticity and containment.
Negative Emotions: Inferiority, introversion, suppression, and decadence.
Positive Emotions: Warmth, sensuality, physical comfort, abundance, passion, security, and fun.
Negative Emotions: Frustration, deprivation, immaturity, and frivolity.
Positive Emotions: Love, femininity, sexuality, nurture and physical tranquility.
Negative Emotions: Physical weakness, inhibition, emasculation and emotional claustrophobia.
Positive Emotions: Psychological neutrality.
Negative Emotions: Depression, dampness, hibernation, lack of confidence and lack of energy.
Positive Emotions: Glamour, emotional safety, power, sophistication, substance, security, and efficiency.
Negative Emotions: Menace, oppression, heaviness, and coldness.
Positive Emotions: Cleanness, clarity, hygiene, purity, simplicity, sterility and sophistication.
Negative Emotions: Elitism, coldness, unfriendliness, and barriers.
Positive Emotions: Earthiness, nature, warmth, support, reliability, and seriousness.
Negative Emotions: Lack of sophistication, heaviness, and lack of humor.